Research from other organisations

Americans and Privacy: Concerned, Confused and Feeling Lack of Control Over Their Personal Information

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:57am

Majorities of U.S. adults believe their personal data is less secure now, that data collection poses more risks than benefits, and that it is not possible to go through daily life without being tracked.

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2. Americans concerned, feel lack of control over personal data collected by both companies and the government

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:56am

Americans leave traces of their activities, preferences and personal information in many places, both online and off. And this personal data can be fodder for both companies and the government alike. This chapter explores the public’s own experiences and attitudes about their personal data and finds that large shares are worried about the amount of […]

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Video: How do you count unauthorized immigrants in Europe?

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:54am

A new Pew Research Center analysis estimates that at least 3.9 million unauthorized immigrants – and possibly as many as 4.8 million – lived in Europe in 2017. Learn how we conducted the first comprehensive estimate of Europe's unauthorized immigrant population in over a decade.

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4. Americans’ attitudes and experiences with privacy policies and laws

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:50am

Many Americans have little to no understanding of what companies are doing with the data that is collected about them. At the same time, nearly all Americans encounter companies’ privacy policies at some point. This survey explores whether they fully read them and how much they understand about these policies. Most Americans have been asked […]

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Methodology

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:50am

The American Trends Panel survey methodology The American Trends Panel (ATP), created by Pew Research Center, is a nationally representative panel of randomly selected U.S. adults. Panelists participate via self-administered web surveys. Panelists who do not have internet access at home are provided with a tablet and wireless internet connection. The panel is being managed […]

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Acknowledgments

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:50am

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at pewresearch.org/internet. Primary researchers Brooke Auxier, Research Associate Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research Monica Anderson, Associate Director Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst Madhu Kumar, Research Assistant Erica Turner, Research Intern Research team Aaron Smith, […]

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3. Public knowledge and experiences with data-driven ads

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:50am

Today, it is possible for companies, advertisers and other organizations to take users’ personal data from a variety of sources to create detailed profiles based on someone’s likes, preferences and other characteristics. This survey finds the majority of Americans have heard or read about this concept, and those who have think all or most companies […]

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1. How Americans think about privacy and the vulnerability of their personal data

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 5:50am

Americans have had a variety of ways of thinking about privacy over the centuries. Though the word “privacy” is not used in the Constitution, the idea that citizens are “to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures” is enshrined in the Fourth Amendment. Before he was a Supreme […]

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Americans Have Positive Views About Religion’s Role in Society, but Want It Out of Politics

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 3:57am

A large majority of Americans feel that religion is losing influence in public life, according to a 2019 Pew Research Center survey.

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1. Many in U.S. see religious organizations as forces for good, but prefer them to stay out of politics

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 3:57am

Americans largely have positive feelings about the role religion plays in American life. A slim majority of U.S. adults say religious organizations do more good than harm in American society, while just one-in-five say they do more harm than good. Specifically, roughly half of Americans give religious organizations high marks when it comes to strengthening […]

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2. Most congregants trust clergy to give advice about religious issues, fewer trust clergy on personal matters

Pew Research - Sat, 16/11/2019 - 3:56am

A majority of U.S. adults think religious leaders have high or very high ethical standards (65%). And among those who attend religious services at least a few times a year, an even larger share have similarly positive ratings about the ethical behavior of the clergy at their congregation (88%). The survey also finds that a […]

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Methodology

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

Estimates presented in this report for Europe’s unauthorized immigrant population are for the size of this population residing in the European Union (all 28 countries, including the United Kingdom) and European Free Trade Association countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), a total of 32 European nations. Estimates are presented for the end of each year, […]

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Appendix A: Nationalities by regional classification

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

Five regions for the nationality of unauthorized immigrants are used in this report. They come from two different data sources: (1) labor force surveys and (2) asylum seeker data for those with pending decisions. A single asterisk (*) indicates a country or territory that appears in the country list of regions coded in labor force […]

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Appendix D: References

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

Ahlander, Johan and Mansoor Yosufzai. July 13, 2017. “Sweden intensifies crackdown on illegal immigrants.” Reuters. Albano, Alessandro, Veronica Corsini and Andrea Gereöffy. 2015. “Demographic statistics: A review of definitions and methods of collection in 44 European countries.” Annunziata, Marco. April 14, 2018. “Twenty years and nothing to show for it: Italy’s broken economic model.” Forbes. […]

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Acknowledgments

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

This report was written by Phillip Connor, Senior Researcher, and Jeffrey S. Passel, Senior Demographer. Editorial guidance was provided by Mark Hugo Lopez, Director of Global Migration and Demography Research; Neil G. Ruiz, Associate Director of Global Migration and Demography Research; James Bell, Vice President of Global Strategy; D’Vera Cohn, Senior Writer and Editor; and […]

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2. The origins, time in country and demographics of unauthorized immigrants in Europe

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

Unauthorized immigrants residing in Europe in 2017 were from a diverse set of origin countries, had lived in Europe for a relatively short period of time and were relatively young. More than half were male. Our estimates of characteristics of unauthorized immigrants in Europe do not cover the entire population because of data limitations, but […]

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1.  Four countries account for the majority of Europe’s unauthorized immigrant population

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:53am

While each of the 32 nations in the EU and EFTA had some unauthorized immigrants in 2017, the largest numbers were in Germany and the United Kingdom, amounting to about half of Europe’s total. Substantial shares also lived in Italy and France. Together, these four countries were home to more than two-thirds (70%) of Europe’s […]

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Summary of findings: Europe’s Unauthorized Immigrant Population Peaks in 2016, Then Levels Off

Pew Research - Thu, 14/11/2019 - 3:50am

WASHINGTON, D.C. (Nov. 13, 2019) – At least 3.9 million unauthorized immigrants – and possibly as many as 4.8 million – lived in Europe in 2017, according to new Pew Research Center estimates. These totals are up from Center estimates for 2014, when between 3.0 million and 3.7 million unauthorized migrants resided in European nations, […]

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